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Readers of international relations know that governments are only one kind of player in the international stage. Private organizations are also important actors, in many cases more than sovereign nations. Alongside, there are another kind of institutions connected to states, but not to diplomatic corps or foreign departments: international parliaments. The existence of international parliamentary […]

Access and control over natural resources have been a central element of international conflicts. In the Asian context, freshwater is increasingly gaining strategic importance. China faces serious problems of freshwater supply due to its large population and its costly process of industrialization and modernisation in terms of environment. Nevertheless, in this regard, China has an […]

Last October saw the territorial integrity of Spain questioned more than it has been since the end of the Spanish empire. The economic and political threat dwarfed the costs of any crisis prior, including the late African decolonization. Yet one year after the Catalan government organized a self-determination referendum, the international standing of Spain seems […]

At first glance, Kosovo does not currently represent a major geopolitical fault line. Indeed, the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Ukraine, the so-called Arab Spring, the threat –territorial and otherwise– posed by the Islamic State (IS), the disrupted nuclear deal with Iran and the instability in the Korean peninsula or the South East China […]

It is widely commented that transatlantic relations under the U.S. presidency of Donald Trump are strained, though progressing in certain areas, like defense and security. Most recently, president Trump and European allies have diverged on trade, Iran policy, and climate change. In May, the Trump administration announced it will impose new duties on steel and […]

The Lebanese parliamentarian elections ended on May 6, but its repercussions will not be contained by the end of the parliament term 4 years from now – May 2022. At a national level, the new electoral law, the non-ideological-political coalition, the sectarian based electoral campaigns and the high level of corruption have had major influence on […]

Since the Brexit vote in 2016 Theresa May’s Conservative Government have sought to push forward the ‘Global Britain’ policy campaign. However, as the Foreign Affairs Select Committee recently highlighted, there has thus far been little change in policy output to reflect this pan-government policy. Although theoretically a pan-government policy, there are four primary departments that […]

At the onset of Spain’s democracy, a Spanish politician wrongly predicted that with the consolidation of democratic rule in Spain peripheral nationalisms –namely Basque and Catalan- would disappear. As a matter of fact, not only Catalan and Basque nationalisms have not vanished, in fact a brand-new sort of Spanish nationalism has in recent years re-appeared […]